Born on this day: Abraham “Bram” Stoker (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912). Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic novel Dracula.
Dracula is an epistolary novel, written as a collection of realistic but completely fictional diary entries, telegrams, letters, ship’s logs, and newspaper clippings, all of which added a level of detailed realism to the story, a skill which Stoker had developed as a newspaper writer. At the time of its publication, Dracula was considered a “straightforward horror novel” based on imaginary creations of supernatural life. “It gave form to a universal fantasy … and became a part of popular culture.”
Although Bram Stoker’s Dracula is remembered as the quintessential vampire novel and provided the basis of the modern vampire legend, it is worth noting that it was published after Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu’s 1872 novel Carmilla.